The Wittelsbach

Graf Otto V. was of Wittelsbach of Emperor Henry V. as its “Faithful and relative” for his service on the Rome trip invested with many imperial estates and entrusted with the dignity of Count Palatine – just the Reich Office – the once been owned by the family was. This was the first pledge for the regaining of the old power.

The eponymous son of Count Palatine Otto was the childhood friend of Duke Frederick of Swabia, the 1152 The prince raised to the German throne. Now when these as his ancestor Otto I. took over the torch in the plains of Lombardy, Otto accompanied his friend and master, the banners of the Empire. The Lombards of hatred against the imposed rule, rendered futile desperate resistance.

Even otherwise, Otto proved faithful friend and companion weapon of the Emperor. At the siege of Milan as the dispute with the Pope, in negotiations with the wily Greeks, or in the suppression of riots in the German lands, he made the most honorable service.

His brothers bravely led the sword, up to fourth brother Konrad. When it came to mediate between the Emperor and the Pope, this Wittelsbach brother proven as a patriot, and went to the success of a compensation. As thanks, he was elevated to Erzbischog of Salzburg…

Otto VI. Palatine of Bavaria, on the Frederick I. Barbarossa was awarded Italy trains, received after the deposition of Henry the Lion 1180 the Duchy of Bavaria, whereupon he now Duke Otto I. called von Wittelsbach. Ludwig I. of Kelheim was 1214 invested with the Rhine Palatinate. Through his 1204 marriage to Ludmilla, Widow of Count Albert III. went from bow, after the extinction of the line-bent ruler 1242, The county bow and their white-blue diamond crest of the Wittelsbach. His son Otto II. was 1212 as a 6-year-old with the Guelph Agnes, niece of Emperor Otto IV, Daughter of Count Henry Langen and thus heir to the Palatinate engaged. Probably by the later, certainly before 1224 closed wedding, came the golden lion on a black background as an emblem to Bavaria…(Online version of the BSB Munich)


Festschrift in honor of the seven hundred year anniversary of the Government House of Wittelsbach, Karl Theodor Heigel, Munich 1880

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