Life history of the Maltese prince and lord of Putbus

Since the 13. Century consisted of the family relationship between the Danish nobility and Putbus. Members of the family were in the Danish service, and held high offices. These included Henning II. Putbus, after the death of Valdemar IV. temporarily in the state affairs led Dämenark, and the Bishop of Odense, Waldemar I..

The family of the Lords of Putbus, The prince came to the, over the centuries has produced a whole series of important men. As the line of the Lords of Putbus Rügensche in 1702 the childless deceased Colonel Ernst Ludwig went out of Putbus, followed in the possession of the government since the Putbus 1483 diverted Danish line of sex, Mr. Malte first to Putbus, then his son to count Moritz Ulrich and his son Frederick, Count Malte (1725-1787) The latter, of the county in 1751 took over his father's still alive, was the father of Prince Malte.

He married a 56-year-old in the year 1782 with the first 21 Year-old Countess Sophie Wilhelmine von der Schulenburg, and the two were born two sons, Count Wilhelm Malte, Born on 1. August 1783 zu Putbus (the later Prince of Malta) Count Maurice and Charles, Born on 21. August 1785. Count Wilhelm Malte was only 3 1/2 Years, when the father died. Sophie Wilhelmine 1788 with their two sons after Vilm over to spend the summer months. In the winter she was in Stralsund, where the house in the Heilgeiststr. 87 had. Both sons graduated from 1800-1803, first in Greifswald, later in Göttingen.

It was a politically turbulent time, because of the Swedish King Gustav Adolf IV. conjured up by his hostile attitude, french heavy disaster to the country. But there were also positive events. At the 25. More 1807 Count Malte was awarded the title of prince, which should always pass to the eldest son and the 16. September 1807 wurde dem Fürstenpaar ein Sohn geboren. Nach dem Ende der französischen Besatzung wurde er 1813 by the Swedish King Karl XIV. Johann Bernadotte appointed governor-general of Swedish Pomerania. Damit verbunden war traditionell das Amt des Kanzlers der Universität Greifswald. The year 1813 exclaimed the prince to arms.

In the beginning of the struggle for freedom took over the Crown Prince Charles John schedische the leadership of the 150.000 North-strong army. With its presence in the Putbus 18. May he appointed the princes of award of the North Star in order to his companion field. The most 14. June 1814 closed Kiel Peace, which should be delivered by Western Pomerania and Rügen to Denmark as compensation for the lost Norway, enraged the prince so hard, that he asked for his discharge from military service. The departure was granted under honorable conditions, when he was promoted to major general. At the 24. January 1817 was the title of prince of princes by the predicate “By Laughs” and soon after confirmed the dignity of Erblandmarschalls.

In the midst of the troubled times was the royal couple at the 23. April 1809 Clotilda was born the eldest daughter of Countess, in the 1828 the realm of Count Hermann Frederick Wylich and Lottum married and the mother of the second Duke of Putbus was. High ripe old age, she passed on to Putbus 19. October 1894. At the 22. June 1812 Prince was the couple's third child was born Countess Louise Asta, later the Count George Albert Charles of Veltheim Bartensleben married. Two other daughters, the 1810 and 1826 were born, died at a young age.

On the division between the prince and his younger brother Charles, Count Moritz, was due to the hostilities until the year 1813 made. Count Karl Moritz received the goods lying in a circle Franzburg, all other goods fell to Malta and this made them 1814 an indivisible, involuntary and inalienable primogeniture. 1817 The prince bought the Spyker rule on Jasmund, on 7. March 1839 was incorporated into the Familienfideikommiss.

In the following years, other assets acquired, such as Marlow and Tribberatz. Achievements gained by the establishment of the Prince of the resort Putbus-Neuendorf, and the expansion of the patch Putbus. In 1820 was King Friedrich Wilhelm III. with a guest suite in the castle, 1825 The Crown Prince and his wife. The golden age of bathing Putbusser life lasted until about 1830, then, the numbers of actual swimmers back gradually.

The greatest sorrow of his life saw the royal couple by the untimely death of their only son Malte, as the attaché of the Prussian Legation in Karlsruhe on 28. April 1837 different from the effects of influenza in the life. Just before this sad news arrived in Putbus, The prince had laid the foundation for the construction of the hunting lodge set. It was based on the ideas of the Crown Prince and according to the plans of Schinkel in the years 1837-1846 completed.

The next year brought the prince a special ceremony. King Friedrich Wilhelm III. instructed him, the coronation of Queen Victoria in London on 28. June 1838 attend as Prussian ambassador extraordinary. In 1843 He had the joy, to his friend King Frederick William IV. three days to see as a guest at Castle Putbus; at the 17. to 18. June was also King Christian VIII. guest of the Prince of Denmark.

After the winter 1852-1853 the Prince had set a bladder disease, He died on the same 26. September 1854 and was on 2. October in the family vault in the church to be buried Vilmnitz. Heir and successor of the prince was at first his wife, The Princess Louise (died 27. September 1860) and afterwards, the second son of his eldest daughter, Wilhelm Karl Gustav Malte Reichsgraf von Wylich und Lottum, died on 18. April 1907 (This pedigree you can find in the database) Princess Louise was built by her husband erected the statue in front of the castle, created by the sculptor Frederick Drake and the 21. June 1839 was officially opened to the eternal memory of his achievements.


Wehrmeister: Pomeranian pictures of life, 1. Band, S. 63-50, published by the National Commission for Historical Research Pomerania, Szczecin: Leon Sauniers, 1934

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