Frederick William I. Colonization of plant in Lithuania, notably the Salzburg colony

Must have been dismal state of Lithuania during and after the plague be. Some descriptions, it sounds so terrible, may still fall short of the truth. The historians calculated the loss to 80.000 Souls, others even give a sum of 200.000 Victims in East Prussia at all; in the main office alone Insterburg 66.000, in the Official Ragnit 28.000. Lucanus and Schubert, however, to call other numbers.

It was decided to re-establishment of the deserted country to colonize. Initially, each settler was, the “desert places” took, in the vernacular and the authorities over “Settler”. Also, any foreigner, he liked from Sweden, Italy, or come out of the realm, but also citizens from other provinces as the Mark, the Magdeburg, Half Urban, Pomerania.

In the years 1729 and 1730 was signed with the Swiss group a special Societät, virtue of which they formed their own colony with very peculiar rights – and a few years later than (1736) Also incorporated with the wall inspire Salzburgians a similar agreement was concluded, was the name colonists to these, so that at the time of Frederick the Great, the only Swiss- Salzburg and farms as a colony, and whose members were considered as such.

As for the time of the colonists, the periods were divided according to what their settlements, it followed the introduction period of Frederick I. first a preparation time of Frederick William I.


Beheim-Schwarzbach, Max: Frederick William I. Colonization work in Lithuania, primarily the Salzburg colony, Königsberg: Hartung 1879 (Download)


The Salzburg in East Prussia

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