Walther von Plettenberg, Grand Master of the Teutonic Order in Livonia

Livonia was 1158 discovered by merchants from Bremen, who wanted to sail to Visby on Gotland, But through devious storms on the Baltic coast and the northern tip of Courland, passed near the island RUNÖ, were driven to the mouth of the Daugava.

The country was then wholly unknown to the civilized Europe. The consequences of the discovery were relatively equal importance; because the spread of Germanic life through all the provinces of the Baltic Sea, in Kurland, Semgallen, Livonia, Estonia was given and to some extent in Finland in. Thus began the Bremer to propel trade.

Since that time were using the Knight of the Order the Baltic countries mentioned all converted to Christianity. This country's complex was a German champion in Mergentheim, a gentleman master in Livonia and as head of the whole, a Grand Master in Prussia before. In the time (3. June 1493) died the Livonian Master and the Grand Master asked why the District Marshal, soon as possible to make a choice and this fell on the country itself Marshal, to Walther von Plettenberg. Prussia and Livonia had a land marshal, because here the warfare to pay particular attention was. The commanders were directly subordinate to the Landmaster.

V in the Westphalian history. Stone's found Pedigrees of 16 different houses of the family Plettenberg and also a message from Walter's life from Livonian chronicler, However, some information about, for any of those houses, he came, investigated(and) they vainly. It is in the general lexicon, one line of the family was in 14. Century settled in Livonia; this came from the Lord and Master of the Walther Minister of Duke Magnus of Holstein, the 1577 been determined as King of Livonia was and not long after this line was extinct. Something more about the time of the birth and youth of the Walther is not found.

Plettenberg was unquestionably a personality which featured early, for he reigned 41 Years and was (when he was elected) Country Marshal; that is to say, The first of the master Gebietiger. To climb this stage, he had indeed put his military prowess and skills samples. They were asked by the Deputy Master. Walther was on 7. July 1494 chosen and because the Grand Master agreed with this choice, there were no further obstacles. He was on the 26. August 1501 with an army, consisting of a knight, Landsknechts, and Latvian and Estonian Bauernn about the army of the Muscovite Grand Prince Ivan III. won, even though they were outnumbered by far. And on 13. September 1502 he defeated the Grand Duke for a second time. This was probably the last great military success of the European chivalry…

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Literature:

  • Genealogical Handbook of the nobility, Adelslexikon Band X (Band 119 the total number). C. A. Strong publishing, Limburg (Lahn) 1999,
  • Albert K. Hömberg: Stately homes and estates in the Duchy of Westphalia. Muenster 1975.
  • Rudolfine Baroness von Oer: Plettenberg, of. In: New German Biography (NDB). Band 20. Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2001, S. 535
  • Johann Suibert Seibertz: Document book for country- and legal history of the Duchy of Westphalia - Volume One. 799 to 1300
  • M. of Pikes, The family of Plettenberg, Westphalia, in: Yearbook for Genealogy, Heraldry and sphragistics 4 (1897), S. 7-21
  • Detlev Schwennicke: Peerage. New Series Volume XXIV. Around the Baltic Sea 3. Vittorio Klostermann, Frankfurt / Main 2007. Foreword untold side 2f, Boards 41 – 67
  • Buhler, John: Knights and princes of the Church, Leipzig: Insel Verlag 1927

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