The history of the seal


The seal system of the ancient and medieval times, a uniform, inherited from generation to generation, continuous institution. Here, the average age consumed in its first half of the work of the ancients, because it used the amount in traditional ancient stone carvings. In the second half after the transition to the metal punch craft skills developed enormously. The most significant cultural and historic period in the history of the seal system begins with this era. In this book are detailed examples of the development of forms and types of seals being, with the various seal species and their[...]

The majesty of the imperial nobility Germans


Three-volume work with a variety of ancestral samples of Damian Hatard. The sample needle (and ancestry) is a documentary proof of noble descent or a person of one sex. The first major evidence was the ancestor 12. Century on the ability of the tournament; He was the proof of descent from four ritterbürtigen ancestors and the laying of a coat made dependent on sample. Later, certain functions reserved for the nobility, I know in Ritterorden, Cathedral chapters and pens (Pin capability), Medals and pins for noblewomen, Hofwürden (of. B. Treasurer dignity, Hofzutritt) and the ability of parliament in the class[...]

Armorial Valaisan: Welsh armorial


Of course, the family coat of arms are the arms of the great feudal families, the oldest. At its peak here is the house of Savoy, had several hundred years, extensive possessions in Rottental. A seal of the Year 1143 Archives of the Abbey of St. Maurice is also the oldest known seal of this Dynastenfamilie and indeed one of the first crest documents. The civic coat of arms before 1600 in the Upper Valais, mix of house signs, Family marks her, were performed gradually drawing. Craft and residence gave rise to another crest. In the 17. Century was to[...]

The history of the family of Wrangel of the year 1250 to the present

Around the year 1050 Wrangel is made by Rehde in Westphalia went to Denmark, from there with the King II Woldemar. to move to Estonia. He has settled well after the construction of the city of Reval, it is. Documented, the story is not detected and so the origin of this generation is lost in that dark past, which lies beyond the boundaries of all previous research.. Is therefore uncertain, whether or Eilardus de Oberge Tuki Wrang are to be regarded as Stamvater. Tuki Wrang[...]

The sex of Bruiningk in Livonia

The present spelling feststehenede Bruiningk, instead of the usual early Brüning or Brüningk, developed first by the nobility of diploma 1737, if requested by the graduate, remains questionable. So have written their names since all family members, it is found in many private documents. The progenitor of the Livonian branch of Heinrich (+1697) Brüning still enrolled, soon Brüningk, his son of the same (+1736) and their sons enrolled only Brüningk and so it went until graduation. The family history presented here extends to the time, when the family[...]