The free reign of professional city and county WartenbergBy admin | February 19th, 2011 | Category: Adels-Historie, Digital Library | Comments Off
The discovered pagan burial- and altars, Antiquities discovered the pagan Roman coins and give the assurance, that this area was inhabited in prehistoric times already. To which tribe the inhabitants can not but have heard say with certainty.
At the time of the great migration 4. and 5. Century forced the Slavs from the east to the west before. They were divided into three main branches: the Eastern or Russian, the southern and north-western tribe. On the latter count is the Lechen (since the 10. Century Poland called) Bohemia, the Moravian, Slovenes and turning. The Slavs divide their land into districts.
Meanwhile, the Polish kingdom was at its earliest, belonging to the legend, Regent 840 As the progenitor of the Piast Piast to mention is. The first, Duke was a document notarized Poland Mesco (Mieszko I.) of 962-992, which 965 with Dubrawka, the daughter of Duke Boleslaw I Bohemian. and next year took his wife under the influence of Christianity.
Many disastrous wars that led to the possession of Silesia eventually to total anarchy and persecution of Christians. The country was the scene of worst devastation. With the introduction of Christianity, there are clear and demonstrable traces of the culture. Thus arose to 1000 the Archdiocese of Gniezno and simultaneously the child diocese Wrocław.
Henry I. von Polen besaß als Alleinerbe seit 1201 ganz Niederschlesien, the Lubuskie, Krakausche and the Greater Poland until the Warta. But even more successful for land and people had his wife Hedwig. She was one of the noblest of princesses, who was worshiped as a saint during his lifetime and after her at 15. October 1243 death occurred 1267 Clemens von Papst IV. in die Zahl der Heiligen aufgenommen wurde. Hedwig war eine Tochter Bertholds, of the Tyrol, Carinthia and Istria ruled, and had considerable possessions in Franconia.
The Duchess would tolerate nothing, what would offend against good morals and charity, and they watched it strictly, that all their religious duties fulfilled exactly. Your income belonged to the needy and with great care, she devoted herself to raising her children. Even the death of her husband and eldest son of Henry the Pious of the Tartarenschlacht 1241 died, they held fast to their faith. Hedwig was a German princess, descended from Franks. The German royal daughters were not in time Jender just love to see in Poland the country. (For example, the grandmother of Henry I. von polnischen Chronisten als der böse Engel ihres Gemahls bezeichnet und als Ursache für dessen Unglück und Sturz)
The administration of the country was exercised by the castle Wartenberg, already in 1254 called, She was one of the most important country castles. The first officially certified castellan or castle, Count Albert was in the years of Stuobna 1276. Who was the first Erbvogt von Wartenberg, can not specify Bestimmheit, but probably was a gentleman of Regensburg. As Wartenberg received German town law, he was assigned to a particular area. Also received Wartenberg the precincts in the law 13. Century. At the Wartenberger area included the Duchy of Oels, whose first Hezog Konrad I. (1320-1366) was.
By repeated division and inheritance disputes could the Silesian dukes against their powerful neighbors do not necessarily argue long and the one after the other went into the protection of the King of Bohemia and became his vassal. I also Konrad. was not excluded. After the politic John of Bohemia at the 9. More 1329 had issued the Lehnbrief for Duke Konrad, submitted to the Duchy of this oil with the areas of Wartenberg, Oels, Trebnitz, Trachenberg, Wohlau, Leubus, Tiny, Herrnstadt, Prausnitz etc.. the allegiance of the Bohemian king.
(For the construction of a new or an existing site owned by German law, especially the documented approval of the sovereign and his waiver of rights he is entitled. The colonization of land was ausersehene after “Hooves” measured and transferred. This man was the village mayor. He distributed the hooves to farmers- gardener and places, and received several interest-free hooves as a hereditary property)
The Lords of Haugwitz (1489-1517)
The Lion of Men (Lev) (1517-1529)
Messrs. von Maltzahn (1529-1570/1571)
The gentlemen of Brown (1571-1592)
The Silesian Castle Count Dohna (1592-1711)
1711 was able to rule on the administration of the imperial office to top 1719 under the Prussian. Dohnas bus 1734 and from 1734 Ernst Johann von Biron under Count. He was followed by Count Christoph Burchard Munnich up 1742.
After that, the old feudal autonomy of Silesia broken. Imperial and royal authorities were regulating and conducting the state government, become an organ of the monarchical will was.
This book not only describes the historical process of the country and its people, It is also of great genealogical value, because none of its rulers will not go far enough with his family structures and kinship connections.
Auch die Wartenberger Stadtkinder werden, starting with the canon of Breslau Simon Wartenberg listed biographically. Who were the priests in Wartenberger diocese or who had the final say in the district offices. Dies alles ist nachzulesen und bietet schon wieder genügend Stoff für Einzelbrographien.
- Joseph Franzkowski: History of free professional domination of the city and district Gross Wartenberg landrätlichen, Gross Wartenberg: Self-publishing 1912