The seal of the nobility of the country by the year Wettin 1500


Otto Posse Born on 29. July 1847 in Weissensee; † 13. November 1921 in Dresden, one of the most renowned representatives of the Historical Auxiliary Sciences. Otto Posse came from a Thuringian peasant- crafts and family. His father was the Rotgerbermeister in Weissensee, and there was later a clerk's office. Of 1861 to 1867 Posse received his education in the country Pforta.

Posse had studied history in Berlin and Göttingen, and later with a study on the "Reinhardt Brunner history books," Ph.D.. After working at the state archives in Marburg and Weimar (1872/73) wurde Posse 1874 Third archivist at the Saxon Main State Archives in Dresden. So he took a position, specially designed for the processing of the Saxon deed book, of Codex Diplomaticus Saxoniae regiae was created. Here he remained until his retirement in 1919.

As a scientist, Otto Posse initially dedicated editorial tasks. Since the 1880s the Posse turned increasingly to the historical auxiliary sciences. In addition to diplomatic and genealogical treatises, especially the sphragistics took a central place in his research. To 1917 Otto published a total farce 13 siegelkundliche panel works, including the five-volume edition of "Seal of the German emperors and kings of 751 to 1913 ", “The sealing up of the Wettin 1324 and the Landgrave of Thuringia to 1247″, and the above work.

The seal of the nobility of the Wettin different in concept and content of his other fundamental work sphragistic. A closer analysis of its origin and function of the treated families and the time stamp is recorded evidence of the clear, that farce had gone far beyond the confines of the title in every way.

The geographical area covered by him with the high living there- Nideradel and encloses the following territories and regions: the Kingdom of Saxony in his expansion from 1815; all Wettin Duchies in Thuringia and the former county of Henneberg with their respective interests in the region of Hesse and Franconia; the principalities of Schwarzburg and Reuss in addition to the present-day Bavaria lying parts of the Vogtland; The former high donors Meissen, Merseburg and Naumburg-Zeitz; the once kurmainzischen areas in Thuringia and the entire Eichsfeld; located at the Hall, nachmalig Brandenburg-Prussian territories of the Archbishopric of Magdeburg; the former counties of Mansfeld and Querfurt; the imperial cities of Mühlhausen and Nordhausen.

Posse also takes into account also the representatives of the patricians in this area, Count all- of rulers and the resin, and many families and individuals, regardless of their origin, once the Wettin or any other noble family in the study area in fief- or service dependency occurred.

Published in his lifetime, of the eight volumes of work designed, Only the first five volumes. The last three volumes (two volumes of the families with the first letter of Sch-D, or. U-Z, and a final volume) with the child after pictures crest coat of arms of all treated sex, was the one after the inflation of the 1. World war, second, by Posse retirement and rapid death 1921 prevents. In Saxon Main State Archives in Dresden are not print-ready manuscripts to the two volumes “Sch-T, and U-Z”.

The sphragistics stood in ancient times as an important auxiliary science of historical research with us in high esteem and was Gatterer (+1799) Time, a lecture on the subject of universities in the country. But just as you with a critical edition of the King- and imperial charters began, designated individual scholars such as Lepsius, Prince Hohenlohe, in. Sickel, Grotefend and others on the high value of this auxiliary science, and so came back again to the sphragistics larger view. One of the great works such as the “Arms law” by Captain, which 1896 appeared in Bonn, or community work: “Handbook of medieval and modern history”.

For the study of gender history of the Middle Ages is one of the most important auxiliary science sphragistics. The main purpose of the emblem, distinguish the different families from each other by an outer code to, would have been invalid, although neighboring families of different origins have the same coat of arms out. Decides not only the coat of arms, but only with the aid of other circumstances – then the genealogist – by the same label attention, to make further research on the gender question. Here he will find he often larger or smaller groups of families, from a common homeland, starting, further and further branching and new possessions (without changing the old sign) often new names zulegten. Doing so we will not only researching the history still thriving families and their extinct side branches, but also quite extinct families served..


Band I. Counts of Schwarzburg-Käfernburg-governors of Weida, Plauen u. Gera : A needle point
Band II. The letter B and C.
Band III. Letter D-Hen
Band IV. Her letter-M
Band V. Letter N-Schellevilz



Possession, Adalbert Otto: The seal of the nobility of the country by the year Wettin 1500, Band I.- V., Dresden: Published by the Apollo (Franz Hoffmann) and William Baensch, 1903-1917

Further literature and articles on this topic:

Quarterly Journal of heraldry and genealogy sphragistics
Yearbook for genealogy and sphragistics
Sphragistische aphorisms (300 medieval seal)


Possession, Adalbert Otto: The seal of the German emperors and kings, In. Band, Dresden: Baensch, 1913