Heraldry in the service of Shakespeare studiesOf admin | 18. January 2012 | Category: Digital Library, Genealogies, Heraldry | Comments Off
The documentary sources of his life story of the baptism to the time, Shakespeare in the first poet reaped laurels, have many gaps in. Shakespeare, baptized 26.4.1564, came from a wealthy father's country-established yeoman sex and mother of a noble family, which was one of the oldest and noblest of England. As for his education, so had plenty of father as mayor and longtime alderman of Stratford opportunity, to give his son a good education, because the school at Stratford was one of the best schools of the time. The man, who had maintained for more than two decades, the English people with great plays and actors talent bewundertem, saw themselves not as fully appreciated the genius.
The name of the Great Britain appears very early and very often in various parts of England, A William Henry Hart had established the first occurrence of this name in court records of the year 1278. It says: “Et wills fuit attach p. Peter. Fabru a Johém Shakespere”. Comes in Shakespeare's coat of arms, for example, the “Speer” twice namely in the form, with the heraldry of the “Lance tournament” and is referred to in the claw of the hawk Zimier. The Zimier or crest is particularly important in the English heraldry, symbolic part of the crest, which is to hold a relationship to the name or a memory so you can see the coat of arms as evidence, that the tournament lance was brought in relation to Shakespeare. The tournament is considered safer Zimier lance as evidence, dass Name und Wappen von Shakespeare mit den militärischen Verdiensten eines seiner Vorfahren in Verbindung gebracht wurde. In den Akten des Wappenamtes in London lagern “not signed” Drafts of letters to John Shakespeare coat of arms (Great-grandfather) from the years 1596-1599 provided with many corrections.
The circumstances of the death of the poet were highly unfavorable to the preservation of documents, which were not strictly religious content. And it seems, as were his wife and two daughters had converted to Puritanism. 1614, during a trip to London was the poet (been identified as a Puritan preacher journey taken by his family in Stratford) It can be assumed that his views on religion, on the relationship with his wife Anne Hathaway (+6.8.1623 67-year) und Töchtern am Ende seines Lebens für ihn recht unvorteilhaft waren und er deshalb einige Bücher und Handschriften vor seinem Tod weggegeben oder sogar vernichtet hatte, order denying his Puritan-inspired heirs. (There is only 5 Under the name of his writings, drei im davon Testament)
Our poet had two or three sisters and three brothers, all offspring died before him without. His eldest daughter, Susanna, was married to John Hall in May 1583 born, married on 5.6.1607 and died on 2. July 1649. Tochter Elizabeth Hall *1608 married 1.) 1626 Thomas Nash und 2.) 1649 the Lord Bernard of Abington, the 1661 of Charles II. was knighted as Sir John Bernard. Elizabeth also left no descendants.
The youngest daughter, Judith, born (as a twin daughter with the 1596 son Hamnet died) at the 2.2.1585, married Thomas Quiney with at 10.2.1616. As the poet dictated his last will was not yet married Judith. Only members of the family can take advantage of hard, to come from Shakespeare's relationship with his sister. All families who previously claimed descent from the poet himself, did so without heraldic and genealogical evidence.
William Shakespeare selbst, and his daughter Susanna, his son John Hall and his granddaughter Elizabeth Nash, rest in Stratford. The grave stones set them contain all four correct heraldic coat of arms the same, which is addressed in the documents and 1576 and was awarded earlier to John Shakespeare.
- Alfred von Mauntz: Heraldry in the service of Shakespeare studies ( Declaration on the family name, Arms and pedigree, and a genealogical list) Berlin : Mayer & Miller, 1903
Further references to Shakespeare
- Fisherman, Kuno: Shakespeare und die Bacon-Mythen : Lecture, held at the Annual General Meeting of the German Shakespeare Society at Weimar on 23. April 1895, Heidelberg: Winter, 1895
- Fisherman, Kuno: Shakespeare “Hamlet”, Heidelberg: Winter, 1904