From Netzkater to Sophienhof

Historically, to report, that from 8.4.1945 Ilfeld and environment has been put in readiness for defense.. and Lieutenant Colonel Grand Cross moved his command post in the hotel Netzkater. The basement of the hotel served as a dressing room from now on.

Owner Walter Liesegang (10.10.1899 – 11.11.1997) and family were evacuated and housed in Hufhaus. At the 13.4.1945 began the bombardment of mortars, but only at the railways and the railway station building in anrichtete Netzkater damage. A launcher projectile struck the track between the paper mill and the gasoline tunnel and broke the rails on. The large wooded area with the houses in Netzkater, Rotheshütte, Sophienhof, Ice Talmühle, Tiefenbach mill, Birkenmoor, Christian home and had Hufhaus on the Americans in advance Benneckenstein, Breitenstein, Stairs and Hasselfeld sealed.

The lieutenant colonel was eventually surrendered to the Americans. In the enclosed forest area, if known, more 3 German soldiers fallen. In an anti-aircraft auxiliary power cat fell from Gdansk, who had ventured out probably at the mortar launchers too far from the shelter.

His grave is located on the edge of the network belonging to the hotel and mountain meadow was furnished with a wooden cross. His father, Employee of the Deutsche Reichsbahn, who had moved from Gdansk to Saxony, there has probably visited the grave of his son.

As the end of the year 1943 was the production of the V2 rockets started, came a few times Professor Wernher von Braun to Netzkater hotel and took up his quarters there. Hermann Bauersfeld, the first in the postwar years was mayor of Ilfeld, worked in the years 1943 and 1944 for owner Walter Liesegang as a waiter and remembers:

“As a waiter at the hotel I'm the director of the center of the work often have to operate. Alwin Sawatzki *6.10.1909 in Danzig (a lousy character) und Georg Johannes Dipl. Ing. Rickhey (Director General of the Central Works Ltd.) waren immer dabei. The meetings were always held in the Small Hall, of about 10×8 Meters measured. In this room stood a large round table and sat in the meetings always an SS guard in one corner and a guard stood outside the door. I can still remember, that Werner von Braun Good morning and Sawatzki with only, but never with “Heil Hitler!” have greeted. When I then once “Good morning” said, I was Sawatzkis driver, a man from Lemgo, approached! This Sawatzki always wore a knight's cross with ribbon. His wife lived with him in hotel, was very jealous. Sure they had a reason to. I was once witnessed the following scene: Mrs Sawatzki was added, kissed her husband as his secretary. She gave her husband a powerful slap and then noticed, I had seen it all and said to me: “You have seen nothing yet? Here are 10 Mark, a drink.. (Those: Ilfeld 1940-1950, Contributions to a decade of local history, Autor Manfred Bornemann, Hamburg 1984)

Explanation for the visit of Werner von Braun Rakentenforschers

At the 29. February 1944 was the work of the Central 136. Unit completed. In April, production remained behind despite a remarkably high growth below expectations. Dipl. Ing. George John Rickhey, on the 13. April 1944 been appointed Director General and after taking office was the entire rocket celebrities from the army and the Ministry for a discussion of the 6. More 1944 invited to his office by Ilfeld, expressed during this “comradely” Pronunciation: “The missing device will come in April in May”. After the presentation of Alwin Sawatzki were the difficulties encountered due to inadequate delivery of equipment parts, the lack of workers (Concentration camp prisoners) and due to the pressures, which would have resulted from the collection of the North plant in the plant. (Proved is the fact, that Werner von Braun in a letter dated 12. November 1943 1350 Had requested labor) The genealogies of the family of Werner von Braun can be found in the database and in the output “Genealogy, German Journal of Family History, Issue 12 15. Year, December 1966 by Degener Verlag” there are other additions to Ancestor List the space- and Raktenforschers.

Netzkater Hotel, © www.rambow.deAs the family returned to their hotel Liesegang, there was a lot of damage to eliminate, because the heavy artillery from the hotel before the arrival of the Americans had been blown up.

Many windows were broken and went marauding soldiers and civilians had been moving the belongings of the family Liesegang (Money, Stocks, Clothing, Valuables etc.) appropriated.

There were also recorded injuries due to war. Thus Walter violated by the Russians with a knife and it bordered on the miraculous, the massacre that he overcame so good.

1893 Emil Liesegang bought the restaurant and built here, the elegant and comfortable hotel. It was the opening of the railway portion of Ilfeld network hangover 1. More 1899 open. Also, the station was Emil Liesegang. You may not merit a better describe, as it happened after his death in Ilfelder Kreisanzeiger.

On the death of the host-Netzkater:

“From small beginnings he has with the old restless pursuit “Taking” transformed into a modern hotel, which is everywhere in good standing. Unfortunately, his life's work on 28. January 1919 destroyed by a major fire disaster. Courageously, he began to 2. Time and again to his work is a good piece of work done. The deceased was formed by the way literary high and could entertain his guests well. A man of fair character has won him many friends, is no longer”.

The grave was still in Sophienhof 1983 The following names on the memorial plaque:

Rolf Schellmann, Surgeon-d. R. * 5.11.1902, + 17.4.1945
Fritz Werner Tengelmann, * 6.9.1892, + 17.4.1945

The blown-up network bridge had been replaced by a bridge built by the American pioneers of iron girders and wooden planks. Before the rubble of the destroyed stone bridge, which had jammed Behre and put some of the power lawn under water. Also, the station had gotten in Netzkater in the mortar fire hit several. (Those: Ilfeld 1940-1950, Manfred Bornemann, 1984, Contributions to a decade of local history)

Residents of Sophienhof in 1935


Karl Groening, Invalid – Henriette Hahn, Widow – Reinhold Hahn, Forestry workers – Hans Halbritter, Teacher – Hermann Henkel, Forester – Emil Hirschelmann, Forestry workers – I seriously. Hirschelmann, Forestry workers – Ernst II,. Hirschelmann, Restaurateur – Fritz Hirschelmann, Wood Bauermeister – Hermann Hirschelmann, Invalid – Karl Hirschelmann, Forestry workers – Theodor I. Hirschelmann, Invalid – Theodor II. Hirschelmann, Forestry workers – Albert I. Chicken, Forestry workers – Albert II. Chicken, Forestry workers – August I. Chicken, Invalid – August II. Chicken, Forestry workers – Henry I. Chicken, Forestry workers – Henry II. Chicken, Forestry workers – Otto chicken, Forestry workers – Walter chicken, Forestry workers – Karl Jehnke, Forestry workers – Louise Knöppel, Widow – Karl Lehmann, Forest workers and Albert Liesegang, Forestry workers

The Liesegang in Netzkater

Parents: Emil Christian Johann Liesegang (1858-1929) – Grandparents: Wilhelm Eduard Liesegang (1810-1880) Wife Joan Hiller (1818-1895) – Great-grandparents: Johann Gottfried Liesegang (1773-1845) and his wife Henriette Friederike Marie Boettcher (1782-1857)

Wilhelm Eduard Liesegang had 10 Sibling. One of them was Frederick Augustus Liesegang *18.9.1800 in Rüdigsdorf and is the ancestor of my grandmother, Melitta *7.9.1911 in Appenrode. (Database)


Not far from the grid is tomcat Sophienhof (also one of the places whence came our Liesegang) im sogenannten Hohnsteiner Forst, once belonged to the Counts of Stolberg in the northwest of Thuringia, only a few miles to the borders of Saxony-Anhalt and Lower Saxony removed. The place is just on a side road from the highway or Rothesütte 81 to reach between Hasselfelde and Ilfeld. Sophienhof also has a stop on the Harzquerbahn, located away from the site, west of the forest is.

On the so-called Schmerplatze before the 30 Years War was a stockyard was established. In addition, attended the herdsman and a forestry official. The name was ugly 1712 changed and that in Sophienhof. The place was like the forester's hut the parish Hufhaus by Rothe. The town is named after the wife of Count Christian Ernst of Stolberg-Wernigerode, Sophie Charlotte. (Those: Home book of the county Hohnstein in circles Ilfeld, by William Vahlbruch 1927)

By the way: The name comes from the Netzkater not caught in the net game hangover, but one of Kate, kept in the nets, the one needed for fishing at the monastery pond. The marshy meadow network can easily recognize the place, Where once the Ilfelder monks bred fish.


NDB Bd. 14, Berlin 1985 Page 538-540

Information Ilfeld, issued by the municipality Ilfeld, 10 Year, No.. 1 April 2009,

Festschrift on the occasion of the resin solid in Ilfeld 4. Resistant resin 1996

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