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Max Stern, a German painter

max-sternMax Stern was the youngest son of four children. His parents were originally from Frankfurt Adolph Stern (1832-1872) and a native of Trier Pink Johanne Rothschild.

The couple had at himself 13.10.1865 settled in Dusseldorf. Upon the death of Adolph Stern, the family lived in the Josephine Street 71. Its on 1.8.1883 late mother lived at that time in the cross road 42.

After the death of their parents Max Stern and his three siblings were living with the mother's sister, Victorine Sternefeld (named as a widow in the barracks Nest race 1889 in the address book Dusseldorf) and Salomon star field, which a fabric store for silk goods, Clothing and interior decoration had. The business was known beyond the borders of Dusseldorf addition, and it is said, that even members of the Hohenzollern were here finished their clothes. Was encouraged to Art Max Stern might even Solomon Star Field, because this was an absolute art lovers and home field star, there were many books on French art.

Max Stern began his training at the Düsseldorf Art Academy. There he studied from 1888 among others, Peter Janssen and Eduard von Gebhardt. 1892 He moved to the Munich Academy, where he was for a short time student of Carl von Marr. The years of apprenticeship at the Düsseldorf and Munich school of painting, however, had taken no noticeable influence on Stern's artistic development. His preference was for the early French Impressionism, with whom he came in contact by his trips to France. Although Max Stern represents a milestone in the history of the Düsseldorf School of Painting, been adequately appreciated his complete works after his death for the first time a few years ago with a retrospective and recognized as a distinct variant of the Rhenish Impressionism.

His wife, Alice, Burnier (1877-1943) Star learned to know and love during a summer party at the club paintbox artist. The couple married on 5. June 1900 in Dusseldorf and although Max Stern Jew was, was a Christian wedding ceremony, resentment because the family did not know Star.

The star sisters:

The sister of Max Stern Louise (1870-1936) was the famous colloid scientists Raphael Eduard liesegang married, both had their daughter Edith Maria Victoria (called Mara) The 1895 unfortunately contracted marriage did not last long, it kriselte and so the couple were by judgment of the District Court of Dusseldorf 24.4.1912 final on 23.5.1912 divorced. Louise lived most recently in the Barracks Road 4.

To complete the family situation must be noticed, that the other daughter Christine Burnier (1873-1968) was married to the brother of the colloid scientist Liesegang. Paul was Managing Director of photo-technical factory “Eduard Liesegang Dusseldorf”. He led after the sale of photographic paper factory 1904 the optical part of the company further. Daughter Anneliese married actor Alwin Spira.

Brother Leopold got his license revoked, because he was a Jew. (Jews of examination for doctors, Dentists, Excluded lawyers and pharmacists) Sister Ida moved lt. Registration office with husband Paul Seelig on 31.12.1888 to Aachen, previously was the daughter Rosa were born in Dusseldorf.

Parents Burnier:

Vater Richard (1826-1884) Dutch painter and was born in The Hague. He became the first brush swing through self-study and later at the Dusseldorf Academy. 1855 he went for a while to Belgium, where he was quite successful in Brussels and Liege, later spent some time in Paris and 1866 He returned to Dusseldorf. He then occupied himself exclusively with studies in nature.

Since 1869 Burnier lived again in Dusseldorf, where he died on 17.3.1884 died. Burniers paintings are characterized by high luminosity and true natural light effect and its landscapes were mostly painted decoration with Rindfieh. Alice's grandfather was Charles (spr. Bürnjeh) Mother Julia Furnivall probably came from Egham and was the daughter of George Frederick Furnivall. You need to 1889 be dead, because they address the Düsseldorf listed with the home address Sternenstrasse 42.Max Stern und Ehefrau Alice Burnier

Many of the German artists of the time at which the Dutch beaches moved to new images and impressions of the landscape and village life in the fishing villages to collect, came from Dusseldorf. Among them are names such as Max Liebermann, Hans von Bartels, Bochmann, Jernberg, Dücker and of course Helmuth Liesegang and Max Stern.

In life, Max Stern was widely known and for many years successfully. This changed abruptly in 1933, when he received because of his Jewish ancestry prohibition. Although he continued to go to his artistic activities, but he could not act freely and publicly. To 1936 gelag it still take him in exhibitions in Berlin and Dusseldorf, but in 1937 Propaganda Minister Goebbels organized the seizure of the so-called degenerate art, including quite a star works. End 1938 The SA stormed the house of Max Stern in the garden road and destroyed several pictures and parts of the interior.

At the 12. June 1943, Pentecost attack, Max Stern was a victim of a bomb attack, because he was a Jew not seek shelter. His mother was killed in the attack. It threw 693 British bombers 1968 Tons of bombs on Dusseldorf. Alice survived the attack after the bombing of the British. Probably from hopelessness, Alice took on 14.12.1943 life, perhaps out of fear of deportation. Everything is clear from a letter of Mara Liesegang.

Career:

1888-1892 Düsseldorf Art Academy
1892-1894 Munich Academy. Teachers, and Carl von Marr
1894 Year of service in the military
In the 1. World War sergeant in the Air Defense

Max Stern is one of the few German painters, who approached the French Impressionism. He painted preferred by people crowded places, Topics urban image and his images beamed boarding ioneles flair. It describes his images with words like: cultured ideality, poetic light- and color-sensations, aesthetic presence. His teachers were actual Monet, Renoir, Manet and Cézanne.

Excerpt of his work:

Summer in the courtyard
Reiter am More
Talking on beach
An der Piazza San Marco, 1894
Dutch folk festival, 1898
Landing of fishing boats
Rider and fisherman's wife
Provencal farmers in the tobacco harvest, at 1906
The plum crop, at 1920
Washerwomen on the bleach, at 1919
Coffee in the garden in the courtyard Ananasberg
The Artist's Dream
Corpus Christi procession in front of the Cologne Cathedral
Sister by St. Intersection, after 1933
Marketplace with Jan Wellern flower market on the Rochuskirche

Sources and Literature:

Meyers Conversation Dictionary, 1888
Letters and Diary of Liesegang family
Information from the registration office with the house Dusseldorf Düsseldorf books
In addition to filing the registration office, in the city archives Dusseldorf
Paffrath Gallery on Max Stern
Exhibition catalog: Star to the Max 50. Date of Death, Dusseldorf City Museum of 2.7.-22.8.1993
Düsseldorf City Gazette of 15.6.1932
Max Stern and in: Large state-trading book or- you. Commercial address books for each state u. Provinces of the German Empire Hanover, Berenberg, 1901 Page 1546 On the History of Art in Düsseldorf, in particular in the XIX. Century Frederick Schaarschmidt, published by the Art Association of the Rhineland and Westphalia, Dusseldorf 1902, Page 372
Civil Registration, 1810-1875 Dusseldorf (Rhineland) Mayor
Articles in Wikipedia about Max Stern
Sammler Journal – July 2007, GEMI Verlag GmbH Reichertshausen, with an article on the painter Max Stern, written by Silke Koehn.