Ilfeld in the southern Harz – from the monastery town a health resortBy admin | August 1st, 2009 | Category: Local History | Comments Off
Ilfeld was first 1154 mentioned. The town developed from a village to the monastery smelter in the late Middle Ages, is now a recognized resort and has approximately. 3000 Residents such as some of my relatives: “Bornemann, Hiller, Neander, Ernert, Rambow, Manfred Kappler vom Ilfelder Heritage Museum and my grandmother, a born Liesegang”.
At 1100 Elger, Count I. edify the Ilburg. Sun built around the year 1100 Bähretal in the well based in Thuringia Bielsteiner Count on Ilfelder Burgberg, Today the remains of the wall bears, a castle and called on from there as “Ilburger” in documents. One of the earliest reports of a murder of Edelgerus de Ylfeld to a grandson of the famous Otto von Nordheim.
Perhaps to atone for its built Graf Elger I. at the site of the future monastery Ilfeld on the stone pillar is an eternal lamp in honor of the Virgin Mary. Elger II. moved to 1161 the Castle Hohnstein over and with the foundation of the monastery in Ilfeld 1189 by him and his wife Lutrude won the place in size and importance. 1234 Vorwerk is the first mentioned Königerode, significance as the birthplace of Liesegang and 1240 the district Wieger village as “Wigradisdorp”. 1332 Wieger village is by selling to the monastery Ilfeld Klosterdorf.
In the former convent school is now the Neander clinic Harzwald, after Michael Neander (+26.4.1595) the famous pedagogue, the 1550 taught here and was rector, was named.
At the 17.9.1385 Ilfeld was as “Ilfeld spots” founded. 1417 Count Bodo von Stolberg holds the county, including the castle Hohenstein Hohenstein and Office. In 1524 The castle was destroyed and the Ilfeld Ilfeld monastery by the farmers Niedersachswerfen, Ilfeld and occupied Appenrode.
The monks fled then to Nordhausen. Abbot Thomas Stange took 1544 the monastery, which had been spared from the destruction. Already 1546 the monastery was Protestant and 1551 was a Protestant parish founded in Ilfeld. (To 1982 Church of Hanover County)
Around the middle of the 15. Century had succeeded, The Black Copper, this was the end product of the Mansfeld huts until then, withdraw in the silver contained in it by the so-called Saigerungsprozess. This invention is worde rightly described as the most important technological event in the history of the Mansfeld mining. The order came Ilfelder Saigerhütte 1512 in Ilfelder valley after a consultation of Count Botho of Stolberg with Dr. Philip Dragstedt (Drachstedt) from Eisleben. The cabin site is on today's paper mill and has only ewa 30 Years passed. Later there was an iron works and a sawmill and a year 1680 the aforementioned paper mill.
In the 30 years war fell Ilfelder Mines and iron. But immediately after the peace agreement in 1652, Martin wanted to Count Johann von Stolberg on hut ditch aufauen a new refining plant. The administrator of the pin Ilfeld, Military Council of Otto Maudsland but successfully prevented the, because he will not tolerate the construction of a blast furnace was. Only through the recess 23.1.1654 was no agreement is reached and the foundation stone for the steel St. St. John's could be placed. Enjoyed its heyday in the ironworks 18. Century.
Otto came out of Maudsland Ellrich the resin, and had studied at the University of Helmstedt, where he 1624 had acquired a master's degree in philosophy. Since the 30s of the 17. Century he was in the service of the Guelph dukes, first as a council of war, since 1652 as a counselor and finally as a member of the Privy Council of Duke Georg Wilhelm, he 1665 the Principality of Calenberg the Principality Celle followed. 1650 he had the collection in the realm of nobility under the name "of Maudsland" gained. The name derives from his property in Maudsland (at Ellrich) from.
By country of gorgeous patent 8. More 1818 was the management of the post of King George III of Ilfeld. built by Hanover in Hanover Klosterkammer transferred, they will still be responsible for managing the pin.
The year 1866 brought the end of the Kingdom of Hanover. Ilfeld then became part of the Prussian province of Hanover. The monastery wilt faithful disciple, Teachers and professors, but also the inhabitants put to the Prussians now open and hidden resisted. The anti-Prussian sentiment, the representatives of the Hanoverian nobility and the old Hanoverian at the convent school had the greatest advocates, impacted until 1. World War.
Ilfeld is picturesquely situated in the most beautiful valley in the southern Harz ca. 260 m above sea level. It is surrounded by beautiful foliage- and coniferous forests and crystal clear streams, inviting for walking and cycling. Here may be a lot of interesting Sights discover, Sun e.g.. bizarre rock formations such as the Gänseschnabel, old castle ruins or the mine tunnels Rabensteiner.
The church was built in the years 1865-1868 for remission of King George V. and Queen Mary in place of the demolished St. George's Church and the old spot, 1223 consecrated to the Virgin Mary, Romanesque monastery church built. (See also articles about life and death of the old Ilfelder)
At the 28. December 1884 Office is captain of the first district of Fumetti Circle Ilfeld used. Julius Bernhard von Fumetti was chief of police in Emden and was 1868 offset by Ilfeld. He died as a Privy Councillor on 11. July 1907 in Hanover and fJulyin Ilfeld's final resting place. During his tenure, the St. George - St. Mary's Church on 18.10.1868 been transferred and the 4. July 1884 took place the inauguration of the new convent school.
In the 19. Century could be many artisans, Trucking companies and businessmen in Ilfeld down, of the 1866-1932 County seat was. The circle Ilfeld was the smallest county in the district and had 16656 Population. With the rise of Hitler, there were also changes in Ilfeld. Was the monastery school 1934 Before the Fall and the 2. World War II brought 228 Citizen's death. Prisoners of various other locations of the Buchenwald concentration camp had to perform forced labor in Ilfeld.
The mild climate and the fresh air are very beneficial for the respiratory system. Ilfeld is a separate municipality in the district of Nordhausen, Thuringia and is located approximately. 10 km north of Nordhausen. Best reached via Ilfeld Nordhausen, Westl. the B 243 Coming from Göttingen-Herzberg, suedl. the B 4 Coming from Sondershausen-Erfurt, east on the B80 from Halle-Leipzig and Nördl. or the B4. B81 or from directions Bad Harzburg Goslar. Wernigerode, Magdeburg. For Hiking in Ilfeld, I recommend the 3-Star Apartments in Baar in the Castle Road. This is an ideal base for exploring the Harz and Kyffhäuser
In the Digital Library is home to a lot of literature deposited, also the village Ilfeld. Information on the population registry of the county of Hohenstein 1935 I impart upon request.
Die vollständige Liste an downloadbarer Heimatliteratur see here:
Ludwig Lüder, Ilfeld, A look to the history of the borough, Publisher Neukirchner Nordhausen 2002
Manfred Bornemann, Ilfeld 1940-1950, Contributions to a decade of local history, Self-published Hamburg 1984