The rule Hardenberg under their old dynasts

The first rule of sex Hard mountains were the brothers and Herimann Nevelung, the emperor as witnesses in matters Conrad III. occurred. They led the earldom. Hermann was pin Vogt Kaiserswerth and Deputy Rhenish Palatinate Count Hermann of Staleck with the main course to Kreuzberg before Kaiserswerth.

He participated in the crusade to Jerusalem 1147 part, während Nivelung jene Vogtei verwaltete so wie 1148 The Bailiwick in Velbert Selbeck. (Flag puts it. Hardenberg had this with the castle of the Hardenberg family named in Göttingen, came from the chancellor Prince von Hardenberg, nothing to do)

The next Lord of Hardenberg Nivelung appears Dietrich. 1174 it is I with Count Engelbert of, Aachen witness in an Emperor Frederick. issued document. He is best 1217 died, since then his son Hermann II. was already on the government. Memorable has Dietrich's widowed wife made Hellemburga, than 1220 to her and her parents' memory, the Brotherhood “Our dear women” donated. After his mother's death and his wife extended Hermann Mechthildis this foundation. It will last 1233 called.

The hardware also had mountains castle and dominion Ruendahl Ruhr, opposite of Hattingen, should even have been builders of the castle. But 1287 This castle was destroyed. Hard Rock at Castle also Herbede and Witten was hard bergisch.

Were the masters of Hardenberg in closer relation to the Count of Berg, stand Arnold sogar unter den Gliedern der bergischen Ritterschaft und seit dem Beginn des 14. Century, in close connection to the Counts of the Mark. Nivelung II. the 1308 to 1329 mention is, was under the council people of Count Engelbert II. by Mark. He and his wife gave clemency 1329 III with her son Nivelung. some goods to the monastery Elsey. In the reign of his father followed him brother Henry II. At the 28. December 1355 Hardenberg was the rule of Count Gerhard I. von Jülich-Berg für 6000 Mark sold. So they left their fathers castle and after wandering Hard stone castle from.

Henry III. was to 1369 died and had two sons leave: Nevelung IV. and Henry IV. His sister had three sons: Engelbrecht, Henry and Eberhard. Henry IV. and his cousin Engelbrecht Oeste had 1375 by Archbishop Frederick III. enlist, to help overpower his service the free city of Cologne. Therefore, they fell in captivity.

Nevelung IV. died 1418 and with his son, Henry V. went out to 1463 this Dynastengeschlecht in male line. He left only one daughter, Ruprecht of the Knights or Robert de Stael the “Magnificent” was married, but remained childless. Robert was not only a master of hard rock, but also bailiff of Will, Bochum, Neustadt and Gummersbach, Lehnstatthalter was for Mark and Sauerland and ratification in Numerous 1431-1462 mentioned. Später kamen die hardenbergischen Güter an Ruprechts Bruder in die Familie Staël-Holstein, sitting among other Heisingen Ruhr.

A branch of this family emigrated to Sweden; the youngest member of Erik Magnus Staël-Holstein came as Swedish ambassador to Paris and married there the daughter of the former French finance minister, Jacques Necker of Geneva (1732-1804 - der berühmten französischen Schriftstellerin Baronin Anne Louise Germaine von Staël-Holstein (1766-1817) and died 1789 childless. The heirs of remaining with us Stael were the lords of Elverfeld, another branch settled in 15. Century into the Baltic.

To the estates of the rule Hardenberg included the two main courtyards “Neviges Welmerhof (or Welmershof, Wolmerhof) in the offices Neviges, Langenberg, Düsseldorf and Mettmann (Duyssel) were. Their former boundaries retreated so west, not north, because of Kuhlendahl from Hardberger Bach formed a boundary, in the East it was the Deilbach.

In the house there was a forced Hardenberg mill, ie a mill, in which the people of the village and farm Neviges (17 Houses) ihr Getreide mahlen zu lassen verpflichtet waren. Belonging to the current rule also some foreign goods that had to be paid their interest. (Hammerstein, Erbecke, Eichholz, Kaldenberg, Steinhorst, Rommerscheid, Kreenberg etc.)

From the contents:

# History from Roman times until the introduction of Christianity
# The rule Hardenberg under their old dynasts
# The rule Hardenberg as bergisches Office
# Hardenberg bergische lower than under the rule of Lutzenrade and of Bernsau
# The glory Hardenberg under the rule of the woman and of Schaesberg of Bernsaw 1655 – 1697
# The rule Hardenberg under the lords of Wendt
# Farm and village Langenberg
# Ecclesiastical History of the parish Langenberg

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