The German OrderBy admin | July 19th, 2009 | Category: Digital Library, Local History | Comments Off
True future can be made only with the values of the past, Never know years 1980 Regensburg to honor the knights of the Teutonic Order, Bishop Graber. “The order, Ordo teutonicus, in the heartland of Europe has major significance.” End of the twelfth century, the Kreuritter attracted to the Holy Land to defend Jerusalem. Today the German Order lays claim to its conquered territories in the course of history, in particular the German Order of possession, the basis of the Prussian state was.
A small message in the press announced in mid-June 1993: “For the first time since 500 Years: Order's Grand Master at the Marienburg”. The resident dermals in Vienna 64. Master of the Teutonic Order, Arnold Othmar Wiela nd took on the rebuilt and restored castle in a seminar on the past and present part of the Teutonic Order. The Marienburg was 1280 to 1457 Grand Master of the Order of seating. In August 1993 was the Grand Master in Topolcany in Slovakia and opened a sister monastery of the Order. “The plan for the construction of the monastery dates from the time immediately after the fall 1989 back”, the Frankfurter Rundschau.
Konrad Adenauer was honorary knight of the Teutonic Order, Franz-Josef Strauss also. And in the work of Hartmut Bookman (of 1981) over the Teutonic Order, it is carefully: … with respect to the current political debate… polemics, however, indirectly, that the history of 1945 to Poland or. disappears in the Soviet Union fell by then German territory from the German historical consciousness. …
The justification for the limits of 1914, of 1937 or from 1945 carries the history of the Teutonic Order, nothing in. But it may help to understand this, why the borders between Germany and its eastern neighbors have changed in the High Middle Ages and why it 20. Century were controversial or. Königsberg, the Teutonic Order 1255 founded, will again become German. At least, it wants the German banker F. Wilhelm Christians. He calls it a pilot project and gave him the name “Baltic Sea Region K” für Königsberg (today's Kaliningrad). The goal is: The Russian labor force and the German organizing ability would soon lead the world in mind, unlimited potential in this combination, which put.
At the beginning
Crusaders besieged the city of Acre in the Holy Land. Under the leadership of Duke Frederick of Swabia (Son of the Emperor Frederick I.. Barbarossa) also fought German crusaders. Citizen from Bremen and Lübeck established a tent hospital, and called themselves “Brothers of St German Hospital. Mary in Jerusalem”. Pope Clement III confirmed 1191 The provisional orders and new foundation 1196 Pope Celestine III, finally sealed the foundation.
Two years later, the prince came to Palestine in the German health care into a religious order of knights to convert. One year later Pope Innocent confirmed the conversion. The “German Order” took over the rules of the Templars, and the rules of charity of St. John. The seat of the Grand Master's Acre.
The first Grand Master was Henry Walpot of Bassenheim (1198-1200) Otto followed him from Kerpen (1200-1208) Henry of Tunna (1208-1209). The term of office of Grand Master Hermann von Salza (1209-1239) is the founding period of the Teutonic Knights finished. The territorial division of the Order is as follows: Upcoming (House) Bailiwick (Province) Country and total orders; The staffing structure: Commander, Landkomtur, Country Champion and Grand Master. And here also the name of Rambow comes into play, because Dietrich von Rambow was 1342-1345 Commander of the Order in Riga. His brother? Henry of Rambow was 1372 Knight of the Order of the Livonian branch and was wounded in a skirmish at the Aa St.
That comes after this place specifically designated in the family 13. Century in the wake of the Bishop of Schwerin and Prince Henry II. front of Mecklenburg. In a document dated 7.10. 1325 Henry II granted Prince. his consent, that sold by Herman Rambow Rambow one hide to Wismar on the Holy Spirit House. Before 1337 seems to be the property of the family in Rambow and Stieten to reach the city of Wismar be.
1348 Hermann is also called the Prince of Rambow as fidelis Albrecht of Mecklenburg. Pastor John Georgius Polchovius Beidendorf from reports in 1704 through its churches:
“Relation of the most humble parsonage Beydendorf, and it dependirenden Sacris. ..Lie on the Rambower and Stietener Begräniß before the altar 2 Lighter stones illegible font Munich.
The inscription on the small I can not read them. The large but I can read something, namely, those words, I see it, altadelich that a generation of those in the land of Rambow would have formerly floriret, of which has undoubtedly frey the estate received its name Rambow: Henricus Rambow Fer: 2 Easter uxor ejus….. Those: 300 Mecklenburg pastors talk about their parishes, their official and personal relations anno 1704″
80 Years earlier, in 1118 acclaimed French knights of the Patriarch of Jerusalem to protect pilgrims on their way from the coast to the holy places (Jerusalem) to organize. The Knights Templar and was confirmed by Pope Honorius II and the Order of the first Grand Master Hugh de Payens. 1128 received the Order of Knights Templar their rules. Your badge: A jacket with an octagonal weißleinener, blood-red cross. Already in the second half of the 13. Century will be the number of members of the Order on 30.000, the assets of the Order on 54 Million francs Ufen b ela have. It is, that the origins of modern banking to the Knights Templar can be attributed. “At the height of their power, the Templars were probably the biggest part of the available capital in the hands of Western Europe. They were the pioneers of the credit system. Practically, they took all the duties of a merchant bank 20. Century reality.” (cited by: “The Temple and the Lodge”, of M. Baigent and R. Leigh, 1989) The second “spiritual” Knights, even before the founding of the German Order, was 1135 constituted. His name: Hospitallers or John.
Against both these knights had to sit through the German Order. It is however, that the Templars had been at the foundation of the Teutonic Order Godfather. As at 13. October 1307, on a Friday (here is probably the phrase, “Friday, the Thirteenth” its origin) the French king Philip IV did not allow the Knights Templar, many joined the German Teutonic Knights Templars, or. the Knights of. Seen in the German Order a competitor had less.
The rapid rise
By the year 1196 created religious houses in Acre, Ascalon, Rama and Zamsi. And 1197 It was first order branches in Barletta and Palermo. From now on, a foundation was followed by the other: The first incoming: Hall (1200) Bolzano (1202) Prague (1204) Reichenbach, Hesse (1207) Nuremberg (1209) in Aich stream and Regensburg in Bavaria (1210) Mergentheim (1219); Catchment in Greece (1209) in Barsa (Transylvania, 1211) in Belgium and Holland (1218) to Switzerland (1225) in France (1228) in Prussia (1230) and Livonia (1237).
At 1300 there were about 300 Coming. The catchment area of the order ranged from Sweden to southern Italy. The privileges included the collection of crusade indulgences. Thus grew the revenues of the Order and its wealth. Said in a sermon of St. Bernard of Clairvaux Templar it:
“You tapferer Ritter, now you have a feud with no risk, where the victory brings fame and profit of the death. Are you a shrewd businessman, a man of learning in this world: a large market, I tell you to. Look at, that he did not miss you. Take the sign of the cross (d.h. commit yourself to participate in the crusade) and for all, what you confess broken heart, You'll get a sudden discharge. The merchandise is cheap, if you buy them. And if you pay them for religious, it is worth without a doubt the kingdom of God.”
A further “Source of income” The donations were. To ask where is, what the property Schenker led to the Teutonic Order transferred to? In general, the donor was in the order, he remained in his possession, later, the property will be returned to descendants. The recipient, So the German Order, could on the one hand with the cash from the “Drain Checkout” and another with the real estate and land, be active in the credit market. The donor, one would say today, no longer had to pay property taxes.
1211 King Andrew II of Hungary gives the Teutonic Order, the Barsa defense against the Cumans. And 11 Years later enlarged the property to the Order in Wallachia. The Order decisive victory over the Cumans, but by the same King Andrew II of the Barsa 1225 re-distributed. Almost parallel to conquer the German knights, the hinterland of Acre (1220) and built the castle Monfort.
Conquests of the Order
Emperor Frederick II gives the Teutonic, the Prussian Kulmerland (1226) and a year later pull the imperial and “his order” recovered in Jerusalem, where the German Order gets its head office (“Deutsches Haus”). Then comes a conquest after another:
1230: Conquest of Lithuania. Assurance of the possession of the land and Prussia Kulm. 1231 it comes to the founding of the city by the Thorn “Teutonic Order”. A year later, defeating the Teutonic pagan Prussians and built the castle and town Marienwerder.
The Pope wears the Order of all conquests in Prussia “an everlasting possession”. In the first half of the 13. Century makes the formation of territorial statehood rapid progress. There are duty-, Coin- and Markets Law set, the so-called regalia, the jurisdiction and other rights. It says in the papal document, that the Grand Master and his successors, the jurisdiction and authority to exercise power in their territory, as an imperial prince in his country have to care.
1236 Livonia is pacified and subjected Pomesania.
1237 engages the medals in the Baltics. The “Knights of the Sword” (Livonia) is affiliated. It is the foundation of Elbing. In addition, the German Order wins through union with the sword brothers Kurland, Zemgale and Livonia.
1244 Jerusalem is finally lost to the Egyptians. Excerpt from Jerusalem.
In 1249 again wins the German Order of the Prussians at Christ Castle and returned the favor to the defeat of the Livonian branch of the Teutonic Order in the Lake Peipsi. 1252: Establishment of Memel.
1255 it is establishing the Teutonic castle of Königsberg.
While defending the Latvians, Lithuanians and Prussians always stubbornly against the Teutonic Order, But be definitively adopted 1273 defeated. It recovers all his possessions. 1270 is the Bodensee island Mainau to the medal.
At 1280 existed 13 Bailiwicks in Germany, three in Italy, one each in France, Greece and Syria, and religious countries in Prussia and Livonia.
1291 it comes to relocation of the headquarters from Acre to Venice 1309 then from Venice to Marienburg on the Nogat (Today, Poland). The 15. Grand Master, Siegfried von Feuchtwangen buys the Duchy of Pomerania against Polish claims to Danzig with.
With the relocation of the Grand Master's headquarters to Marienburg, Prussia actually the central territory of the Order. Marienburg Castle and town were in the decade 1270-1280 been created to secure the Vistula road. There is created the German Order and the exemplary management and laid the foundation for the remarkable development of the Teutonic Knights for the wholesale power (see also: “The World of Knights” of H. Wolfhart, 1978). No state at that time had such rich resources such as the German Order in Prussia. The trading activity was an economic necessity. The business relations of the Marienburg reached to Spain and Portugal, England and Scotland. Performed under other crops were, Wood, Require, Wool, Fur, usw.. Were mainly imported cloths, Pepper, Salt and wine.
Prussia's southern neighbor, the Kingdom of Poland, looked at the new rulers as unwanted intruders, their dominion as of right Polish property was. With this shift was the high seat on the Marienburg thus laid the foundation stone for the period up to the present ongoing rivalry between Germans and Poles. The fear of many Poles against Germany's expansionist ambitions is well founded.
1) Renner, S. 88, 91; Wigand of Marburg, SSrPruss.II, S. 505; nur als frater Theodericus.
2) Arbusow 537; Renner as in note. 1).
3) MUB IX, No.. 5821, 5822; Klempin scratch, Parish registers and lists S. 178; Crull, S. 124
4) Two other places with the same name located at the Westprignitz, Furthermore, there is a lake Malchiner of Rambow.
5) Knight brothers in the Livonian branch of the Teutonic Order, Editor: Lutz Fenske u. Klaus Militzer- Böhlau Verlag Cologne
6) The story of a crusading Order of experienced. Of Acre (1190) to date. Part I of Ralf-Dieter May
Name of the Teutonic Order Code officials, Grand Master, Country Champion, Großgebietiger, Komthure, Reeves, Keeper, Grand Master-Kompane, Crusaders and mercenary captains in Prussia, John Voigt, Königsberg 1843
And here's a rarity for lovers! Collected messages from different families, which in the Order of St. John Knights had to Sonnenburg, as well as other nobles families Download
Codex diplomaticus Ordinis Sanctae Mariae Theutonicorum = Deed book on the history of the Teutonic Order : particularly the bailiwick of Coblenz, by Johann Heinrich Hennes, 1845 published by Kirchheim, Schott and Thielmann
This edition of the book Marienburger Hauskomturs for the years 1410-1420 : with the support of the association for the production and decoration of Marienburg
Extract from the Chronicle of the Order of the German home to St. Mary in Jerusalem, provided that such records regarding Livonia : with an introduction, variant readings
History of the Teutonic Order, in his twelve bailiwicks, 2. Band von Johannes Voigt, Berlin 1859
History of the Teutonic Order,, Max Oehler, Elbing 1912
The Prince and Lord Hochwürdigisten Durchleichtigisten, Herrn Carl Ertz H: At OSST: Hertzog fears Antiterrorist Burgund, Steijr, Cärnten, und Crain, Administratorn Dess Hochmaistertumbs in Preüßen, Teutsch Order, Maister, Teutsch and Italians in landing, Bischoffen to Brüchsen, and Preßlaw … my lord genedigisten … At underthenigisten … Reverend, Hans Cristoff Pappus, Vienna in Austria, 1622 [VD17 12:634742B] Online version of the BSB Munich