Dynasty of the art of printing in Leipzig, and GörlitzOf admin | 6. August 2009 | Category: Local History | Comments Off
Clerics were already in the earliest times owners the art of writing. It was not until the invention of paper, rags to 1300 was also the art of writing a general, so now taught people the art of writing and other-worldly in the schools were. This book writers retain both the old material, the parchment and the old script (known as a monk writing) far from, while in correspondence and in administrations since the mid- 14. Century was largely written on paper. Just what should last forever (Documents, Testamentsbücher, Statutes) was not written on parchment. For example, in the Görlitz town council archive the oldest book of 1305 on vellum, Boxing Day is the oldest- and comparison of book 1342 but written on paper. The ancient parchments could be only tedious preparations with feathers of tubular steel and costly colors and write but since the mid- 14. Century was the production of cheaper books. It was in this region as early as 1443 a paper mill in Bautzen.
So there was the time when Gutenberg enriched the world with his art, in Goerlitz, and Leipzig have several collections of books. The first catalog of books in the monastery has in Goerlitz 1362 already 69 Books from.
It is likely, that Goerlitz was given his first geruckten books from Leipzig, because at the Leipzig University is holding a lot of students and lecturers to Görlitz. Already 1530 here was a book printer established, At that time the small fonts, Pamphlets, Has printed textbooks and song sheet. In Memorabilienbuch is 1540 the paper-maker "lollipop" (a nickname) called, The paper sign was a sign, with a "G" for Gorlitz. This may have been the beginnings of printing..
To the relations of the former printer in Leipzig, and Görlitz describe the order of, I begin with Barbara Henne, Born in December 1536 in Leipzig, the daughter of the citizen-maker, and mogul George Henne. Barbara married on 14.5.1564 den aus Buxtehude stammenden Johannes Rambau (Name variations: Rampau, Rambaw, Rhambaw, Rambow) He is described as a wealthy art of printing and by scholars for its diligent oversight of its esteemed and distinguished citizens of printing in Leipzig. Among his print, he may have come by his first wife, Helene (+ November 1563) the widow of Henry Eichbuhler, to the Leipzig 1555 lived as a printer. From him we know, that he 1550 a house in the street bought Knight.
To the relations of the former printer in Leipzig, and Görlitz describe the order of, I begin with Barbara Henne, Born in December 1536 in Leipzig, the daughter of the citizen-maker, and mogul George Henne. Barbara married on 14.5.1564 den aus Buxtehude stammenden Johannes I. Rambau (Name variations: Rampau, Rambaw, Rhambaw, Rambow) He is described as a wealthy art of printing and by scholars for its diligent oversight of its esteemed and distinguished citizens of printing in Leipzig. Among his print, he may have come by his first wife, Helene (+ November 1563) the widow of Henry Eichbuhler, to the Leipzig 1555 lived as a printer. From him we know, that he 1550 a house in the street bought Knight.
For the story, the children's subsequent relevant:
John, Hans was also called baptism 7.3.1565, the future of printing and paper mill owner in Goerlitz
Andreas (described in the documents as Rambach) baptized 18.1.1567 and wire-maker by profession and goldsmith. (A genealogical connection with the famous clergyman Rambach has not been provided) His sons, Andrew *1593 and Jacob *1597 continued the tradition as a bookseller in Leipzig.
Maria getauft am 15.6.1573 in Leipzig, was estimated as a caring and loyal woman, always strives for the welfare of other. At the 8.7.1591 ehelichte sie den Buchhändler Bartholomäus Voigt (*1564) Dieser arbeitete ab 1561 in the print shop of John Sr. Rambau, At the 23.8.1589 he acquired the citizenship, bought half the bookstore's widow for healing 4000 Gulden und im kommenden Jahr Verlag und Sortiment des Druckers Johann Beyer. 1635 The sons took over the company for 35.000 Guilder.
Getting back to Barbara. Her husband John died on Rambau 12.4.1579 in Leipzig and Barbara married out 1580 the printer George Deffner, since 1580 Citizens ibid. As this 1587 died, They married shortly after the civil and famous bookseller Abraham Lamberg. Born 1557 The son of a master tailor, since 11. August 1587 Citizens of the City of Leipzig. 1589 He contributed to the book and in Druckereid 1593 He acquired for 15 Years, the right pressure for the fair catalogs and was widely regarded as the leading Leipsic printers. 1597 Abraham had his own first book treatment, The Commission also served as a warehouse for his stepson John Rambau.
After his death 1629 , his heirs, the work of 1631-1633 fort. Of his children was the 1626 born son Christoph known. This was 1646 studied in Jena and 1648 saved his master's degree in Leipzig. In 1649 He began to study theology and was under Carpzow 1651 Informer for the sons of a Saxon master game. 1655 He followed the call of Count Heinrich Ernst of Stolberg, to tutor the young Count Ernst *1650 and the Countess Anna Eleanor *1651 to be. At the 15.10.1663 he was appointed chaplain stolbergischen. His mother, Christine, Goering was born a married 1633 the printer Henning Koehler in Leipzig. (No funeral sermon Fritz Roth. 6415) As far as the first historical events in Leipzig.
John II. Rambau (*1565) hatte eine Schriftgießerei eingerichtet und auf seine Veranlassung wurde 1609 Moyser the meal mill converted into a paper mill, Er übernahm die Geschäfte seines Vaters am 11.6.1595. Zuvor am 11.11.1591 he married the daughter of the Görlitz typographus Ambrose Fritsch.
His printer character represented a ship at sea hochgehendem and it is on the land a kneeling man praying, of an armature in front of them, Lightning and rain hit the ship, a hand from the clouds but, to read about what the name is Jehovah, holds a piece of paper with the words “salus tua ego sum”
After his death his descendants continued to operate under the continued leadership of factors, among which was the last Martin Hermann, the 1644 the print was left as property. His son (with the same name) continued the workshop as a legacy of 1634-1644) What became of him is not known.
According to existing records Rambau left at his death in a house in the Krischelgasse and because of the minor children was instituted Inventarium his estate included. It is also mentioned in the casting chamber, where the matrices were the letters, these were 31 Varieties, inter alia Nuns font, Text Antiqua, Paranchon Antiqua, Tertia Antiqua, Cicero, Corpus Antiqua, grobe Canon, Text fracture, Schwabacher, Rhinelander, Virgin fracture usw…
Father-in- Ambrose Fritsch born 1523 Oschatz + at the 5.12.1593 in Görlitz hatte die Druckkunst in Wittenberg bei Hans Lufft erlernt und sich in Basel und Leipzig bei Rambau fortgebildet. He came to Görlitz 1565 On the advice of his brother, of the then Stadtphysicus, because printers were urgently needed to Jender time anywhere. Its logo was a cornucopia of printing with the inscription "Ditat servata fides" or German plants "Truly Nahrhaftig 'Fritsch was not only printers, but also a bookseller and publisher exhibited his works at the Leipzig Trade Fair. In the bakers' street, he builds 1573 a house.
The first important work was the Lutheran catechism pressure. With the Council had created soon Fritsch, weil er für die Kirche einige Schmähschriften und Streitschriften herausbrachte und somit dafür sorgte, that Calvinists, Lutherans and Papists warred where they could and they even put him in jail. It also brought him nothing but trouble, and even more censorship. Dean Treadlightly had not yet applied for his release, But Fritsch remained incorrigibly, even after a reprimand from the imperial court, But what was left him, He would return from the legitimate orders of the family can hardly feed.
After his death, John II. Rhambaw printing and book trade. Sohn Ambrosius II. Although the printers had learned in Leipzig and he was also a time when his brother, but the two did not get on well. What became of him is not known, He seems to have left Gorlitz. Den Verkauf an Hans Rambau für ca. 915 Gulden veranlassten die damaligen Vormünder Justus Titius und Elias Büttner, Although the printers with accessories 1000 meißnerische Gulden taxiert worden war.
Festschrift for Josef Benzing sixtieth birthday of, 4. February 1964 By Josef Benzing, 1964, S. 52,53,58.
The funeral orations of the city archives Brunswick, Bd. 6, Hanover
Evaluation of residual-free funeral sermons and writings no personnel. 3913, 6415, Fritz Roth Boppard 1959
New Lausitzisches Magazine, 35. Band, Gustav Köhler, Goerlitz 1859 Page 34-56, Addendum page 227-236
ADB Bd. 17; S. 536 NDB and Bd. 13, Page 430-431
Website: Leipzig encyclopedia
Pedigree Lamberg und Rambau in der Collection of Johann Jacob bird in the Leipzig University Library
History of Görlitz inon C. G. Theodor Neumann
Genealogisch relevante Literatur:
This Catalog of the council of six persons in the city within five centuries Görliz is the SIR Men, Mayor Samuel August Sohr, Mr. Christian Matthew Friedrich Giese municipal judge and Mr. Heinrich Gottlob Stabin Modrach, on Markerdoft, at the start of your new office extends congratulations on