The Arenberge are among the oldest Catholic aristocracy of Europe. When they see their ancestor Hartmann von Arenberg, in the 1099 in the fight against the infidels fell. Otherwise the story knows little about the cultural history of this family to tell, which is all the time was one of the heads of the nobility. It is called the Prince August, an intimate friend of Count Mirabeau. The domination of the sex of Arenberg experienced over time a dazzling ascent to the Duchy. At 1280/81 Precious died the older dynasty of Lord of the male line of John of Arenberg.
The ancestral castle of Arenberg was in the Eifel on a mountain in the Ahr. Towards the end of 13. Century, leaving John of Arenberg, married to Catherine, the daughter of Count William IV. of Jülich, one daughter named Matilda. She married the Count of the Mark, whose estates bordered on theirs. The eldest son of this marriage was Adolph II. by Mark. Durch seine Ehe mit der Erbin Margaretha von Cleve wurde er zum Stammvater der neuen Linie der Grafen, later Dukes of Cleveland.
Eberhard, the second son of Count Engelbert of the Mark (1308-1328) und der Mathilde von Arenberg, was the head of the new branch of the House of Arenberg. Engelbert gave the county Aremberg his second son John as an independent heritage. When after the death of Robert III. This line was also in the male line died out, his sister Margaret was the only heir of the house. She married on 18. October 1547 Johann von Line (Jean Line), by his father Louis heritage including the Barony of Barbançon and through his mother's inheritance of estates of the lords of Glimes-Bergen op Zoom. By connecting with Jean de Ligne Margaretha, the 1549 den Namen Arenberg annahm, was the third line of the House of Arenberg (Ligne Arenberg), the 1549 of Charles V. in the imperial counts and 1576 Maximilian II. was elevated to the Imperial Prince.
Margaret had converted during her reign, the castle of Arenberg. 1576 came a new chapel to. It issued a new country- and forest rules, A champion for the promotion of mining and metallurgy. Even at the imperial court and in the Netherlands, she played a significant role. Als Oberhofmeisterin der Erzherzogin begleitete sie diese zu ihrer Hochzeit mit Karl IX. nach Frankreich. Her husband had been 1549 Governor of the King of Spain in Friesland, Groningen and Drenthe. He died on the battlefield at 23.5.1568. In Karl's son, he found a worthy successor. Charles married the heiress Anne of Croy, Duchess of Arschot, at the same time, he acquired significant assets in the Netherlands.
Raimund Karl Maria, Duke of Arenberg, married in 1748 Luisa Margaretha, the daughter and sole heiress of Count Ludwig von der Mark Engelbert, the last male descendant of that very Count's house of the Mark, in the 13. Century by the marriage of Count Engelbert of Arenberg with Mathilde had continued the House of Arenberg.
Die Arenberge waren also nach Art der Familie Habsburg durch geschickte Heiraten zu großem Reichtum gekommen denn sie verfügten bereits in der Mitte des vergangenem Jahrhunderts über einen Grundbesitz von 57 Square miles, So the size of a medium-sized German state. At the beginning of 19. Century, they stood at Napoleon's side. In 1810 lost it's sovereignty. So it's not so long ago, that they have been a German prince of Hohenzollern, the colleagues.
Coat of arms description:
In red three (2.1) Golden Mispelblumen (not roses) slugs with red flowers with and without the otherwise usual pointed leaves. Sign Holder: right black reinforced doppelschwänziger golden lion, left a black and gold reinforced gripper. Devise: “Christus Protektor meus”. The whole thing is a princely mantle, of a ducal crown bears, surround. The crest of the peacock is a Busch race; The helmet is not made in the presentation with the prince envelope of the duke and the prince of the house.
Prince Arenberg and Arenberge, from the time series of images from the class state, Berlin: Forward bookshop 1904
Gothaischer Genealogical court calendar, Year 135. 1898, Page 114, 115
Staedtler, J. Ph.: Correspondence between the Count of Mirabeau and the Duke A. d'Arenberg, Counts of the Mark during the years 1789-1791, Brussels & Leipzig 1851